Personal Trainer Manual

Sand & Steel specializes in forging elite personal trainers.  The Personal Trainer Manual is your guide for how to train clients, how to scale workouts, how to mobilize muscles and help clients recover from injuries.

 Welcome to the Sand & Steel Mentorship Personal Trainer Manual.

In addition to all the information and tables you see below, you’ll also need to read all the Mentorship Personal Trainer Articles below.  These articles will guide you in making good decisions as a new coach.  We recommend you read through these articles first as they are shorter than the Mentorship Personal Trainer Manual.  They will provide you with a framework in which to understand the manual.

If you haven’t applied to work at Sand & Steel yet, please fill out an application.

Principles of Coaching @ Sand & Steel in 100 Words

Correcting, Seeing, and Teaching

Be assertive and direct with feedback. Short, simple, direct cues. Be relentless when correcting form. Use a tactile cue (touch) when a demonstration or auditory cue doesn’t work. Don’t cue if nothing is at fault. Confirm when a fault is corrected. If it is not corrected, continue to work with the client until it is the absolute best the client can do.

Plan your Workout

Minimize transition time. Know your client, their goals, injuries, strengths and weaknesses. Build the best workout possible, every time.

Principles of Mobility

The Exercise is the Test, and the Test is the Exercise.  Tight Muscles move joints into deformed positions.  Loose muscles allow joints to move into deformed positions.  Isometric holds and body weight exercises upregulate nervous response and create activation.  Rolling and stretching downregulate muscle and improve range of motion.

Required Reading to Pass the Level 1 Certification

If you are planning on taking our Level 1 Personal Trainer Certification, this manual, the spreadsheets, and the below articles are you study guide.  Paul, Dawn, and the Senior Coaches are your mentors.  Good Luck, and welcome to the Sand & Steel Team.

Personal Training Studio

Supervised Personal Training Studio

Supervised Coaching at our Personal Training Studio.  Safer Training, Better Results, More Consistent Experience.    Two Personal Trainers are Better Than One

About Coach Paul

Paul Bio PictureView my Bio | Email me
BioMedical Engineering - Johns Hopkins University.
Juris Doctorate - Rutgers.
M|WOD, MET, CFT, FMSII, YBT, RKC, TRX, PN.

Paul has trained over 3000 clients and more than a 100 personal trainers over his 10 years as a mobility and strength coach.  He emphasizes safety and corrective exercises in all programming (strength, weight loss, conditioning, etc.)  His practice focuses on improving flawed movement patterns to prevent injury and improve skeletal-muscular function.  Paul employs Muscle Energy techniques, FMS, Tigger Point Therapy, Yoga, and M|WOD to systematically strengthen weakened muscles and mobilize joints and muscle tissue.  Move Better... Train Better.

Fitness Assessment Square

Fitness Assessment: Building Biomechanics for Weight Lifting

The Sand & Steel Fitness Assessment has been constantly developed and refined since we opened our doors in 2014.  We have done thousands of these fitness assessments over the course of five years.  Here’s what we’ve learned and how we use the Fitness Assessment to build client specific programs.

About Coach Paul

Paul Bio PictureView my Bio | Email me
BioMedical Engineering - Johns Hopkins University.
Juris Doctorate - Rutgers.
M|WOD, MET, CFT, FMSII, YBT, RKC, TRX, PN.

Paul has trained over 3000 clients and more than a 100 personal trainers over his 10 years as a mobility and strength coach.  He emphasizes safety and corrective exercises in all programming (strength, weight loss, conditioning, etc.)  His practice focuses on improving flawed movement patterns to prevent injury and improve skeletal-muscular function.  Paul employs Muscle Energy techniques, FMS, Tigger Point Therapy, Yoga, and M|WOD to systematically strengthen weakened muscles and mobilize joints and muscle tissue.  Move Better... Train Better.

Personal Trainer Standards

Higher Standards for Personal Trainers

Tough Love, Standards, and how we forge the best coaches in Washington DC.  Our blueprint guide to getting consistent client results safely and efficiently.

About Coach Paul

Paul Bio PictureView my Bio | Email me
BioMedical Engineering - Johns Hopkins University.
Juris Doctorate - Rutgers.
M|WOD, MET, CFT, FMSII, YBT, RKC, TRX, PN.

Paul has trained over 3000 clients and more than a 100 personal trainers over his 10 years as a mobility and strength coach.  He emphasizes safety and corrective exercises in all programming (strength, weight loss, conditioning, etc.)  His practice focuses on improving flawed movement patterns to prevent injury and improve skeletal-muscular function.  Paul employs Muscle Energy techniques, FMS, Tigger Point Therapy, Yoga, and M|WOD to systematically strengthen weakened muscles and mobilize joints and muscle tissue.  Move Better... Train Better.

Interview Logistics

Interview Logistics

The key to doing well on the interview is preparation.  This article highlights how your interviews will go and how to prepare for them so that you get hired.

About Coach Paul

Paul Bio PictureView my Bio | Email me
BioMedical Engineering - Johns Hopkins University.
Juris Doctorate - Rutgers.
M|WOD, MET, CFT, FMSII, YBT, RKC, TRX, PN.

Paul has trained over 3000 clients and more than a 100 personal trainers over his 10 years as a mobility and strength coach.  He emphasizes safety and corrective exercises in all programming (strength, weight loss, conditioning, etc.)  His practice focuses on improving flawed movement patterns to prevent injury and improve skeletal-muscular function.  Paul employs Muscle Energy techniques, FMS, Tigger Point Therapy, Yoga, and M|WOD to systematically strengthen weakened muscles and mobilize joints and muscle tissue.  Move Better... Train Better.

Balancing Pricing and Coverage on Personal Training Insurance

Balancing Pricing and Coverage on Personal Training Insurance

By Paul Roberts

Attorney at Law and Professional Personal Trainer

If you are like most personal trainers I know, you have probably asked yourself — How much do I really need to pay for personal training insurance to cover my liability?

Individual policies run between $79/year on the low end to $250/yr for comprehensive policies there are lots of options.   Here are some of the options you should consider. 

About Coach Paul

Paul Bio PictureView my Bio | Email me
BioMedical Engineering - Johns Hopkins University.
Juris Doctorate - Rutgers.
M|WOD, MET, CFT, FMSII, YBT, RKC, TRX, PN.

Paul has trained over 3000 clients and more than a 100 personal trainers over his 10 years as a mobility and strength coach.  He emphasizes safety and corrective exercises in all programming (strength, weight loss, conditioning, etc.)  His practice focuses on improving flawed movement patterns to prevent injury and improve skeletal-muscular function.  Paul employs Muscle Energy techniques, FMS, Tigger Point Therapy, Yoga, and M|WOD to systematically strengthen weakened muscles and mobilize joints and muscle tissue.  Move Better... Train Better.

Personal Trainer Jobs Alexandria

Personal Trainer Job – Build Your Personal Trainer Career

We are passionate about helping people lose weight and move better.  We help clients improve strength through focused programs in power lifting and hypertrophy.  We improve clients balance and range of motion with our mobility programming.  And we have state of the art programming in weight loss and transformation style workouts.

What we need is you … Sand & Steel is helping more clients than ever, and we need more people on our team.

About Coach Paul

Paul Bio PictureView my Bio | Email me
BioMedical Engineering - Johns Hopkins University.
Juris Doctorate - Rutgers.
M|WOD, MET, CFT, FMSII, YBT, RKC, TRX, PN.

Paul has trained over 3000 clients and more than a 100 personal trainers over his 10 years as a mobility and strength coach.  He emphasizes safety and corrective exercises in all programming (strength, weight loss, conditioning, etc.)  His practice focuses on improving flawed movement patterns to prevent injury and improve skeletal-muscular function.  Paul employs Muscle Energy techniques, FMS, Tigger Point Therapy, Yoga, and M|WOD to systematically strengthen weakened muscles and mobilize joints and muscle tissue.  Move Better... Train Better.

Personal Trainer Bosu Lesson

Tips For Succeeding as a Personal Trainer

How to Be Financially Successful as a Personal Trainer.  Paul discusses the 10 key traits that successful personal trainers have in common, plus common pitfalls that can sink their career before it starts.

About Coach Paul

Paul Bio PictureView my Bio | Email me
BioMedical Engineering - Johns Hopkins University.
Juris Doctorate - Rutgers.
M|WOD, MET, CFT, FMSII, YBT, RKC, TRX, PN.

Paul has trained over 3000 clients and more than a 100 personal trainers over his 10 years as a mobility and strength coach.  He emphasizes safety and corrective exercises in all programming (strength, weight loss, conditioning, etc.)  His practice focuses on improving flawed movement patterns to prevent injury and improve skeletal-muscular function.  Paul employs Muscle Energy techniques, FMS, Tigger Point Therapy, Yoga, and M|WOD to systematically strengthen weakened muscles and mobilize joints and muscle tissue.  Move Better... Train Better.

Transitioning From Exercising to Training

Is your workout routine really working for you?  Are you conflating getting sweaty with getting results (e.g. an exercise routine vs training program)?  Here are some tips to help you transition from simply working out, to building yourself a real workout program.

About Coach Paul

Paul Bio PictureView my Bio | Email me
BioMedical Engineering - Johns Hopkins University.
Juris Doctorate - Rutgers.
M|WOD, MET, CFT, FMSII, YBT, RKC, TRX, PN.

Paul has trained over 3000 clients and more than a 100 personal trainers over his 10 years as a mobility and strength coach.  He emphasizes safety and corrective exercises in all programming (strength, weight loss, conditioning, etc.)  His practice focuses on improving flawed movement patterns to prevent injury and improve skeletal-muscular function.  Paul employs Muscle Energy techniques, FMS, Tigger Point Therapy, Yoga, and M|WOD to systematically strengthen weakened muscles and mobilize joints and muscle tissue.  Move Better... Train Better.

Strength Training Foundation Movements

Strength Training Foundation Movements

There are 8 basic strength movements: the Squat, Lunge, Hinge, Push, Pull, Arc/Hollow, Twist/Resist Twist, and Gait.  We’ll cover these techniques and discuss the proper form to do them safely.  We’ll also discuss various techniques to test muscle function by selecting members from the audience, and demonstrating how to test for proper neural control of muscles, and how to utilize strength training to restore and improve muscle function.

About Coach Paul

Paul Bio PictureView my Bio | Email me
BioMedical Engineering - Johns Hopkins University.
Juris Doctorate - Rutgers.
M|WOD, MET, CFT, FMSII, YBT, RKC, TRX, PN.

Paul has trained over 3000 clients and more than a 100 personal trainers over his 10 years as a mobility and strength coach.  He emphasizes safety and corrective exercises in all programming (strength, weight loss, conditioning, etc.)  His practice focuses on improving flawed movement patterns to prevent injury and improve skeletal-muscular function.  Paul employs Muscle Energy techniques, FMS, Tigger Point Therapy, Yoga, and M|WOD to systematically strengthen weakened muscles and mobilize joints and muscle tissue.  Move Better... Train Better.

Suggested Online Courses From CrossFit

Beginner Programs

Currently, there are ten beginner programs to choose from.  These are listed in order of difficulty.

  1. Seniors Biomechanics and Motion
  2. Level 1 Biomechanics
  3. Level 1 Weight Loss
  4. Redline
  5. Redline No Shoulders
  6. Lower Body Symmetry
  7. Upper Body Symmetry
  8. Zero2Fit
  9. Everyday Strength
  10. Transformation I

These are the most common programs from a volume point of view.  By your fourth week, you need to know every workout and every exercise in each of these programs.

THE FOLLOWING CONTENT IS AVAILABLE TO SAND AND STEEL COACHES ONLY

About Coach Paul

Paul Bio PictureView my Bio | Email me
BioMedical Engineering - Johns Hopkins University.
Juris Doctorate - Rutgers.
M|WOD, MET, CFT, FMSII, YBT, RKC, TRX, PN.

Paul has trained over 3000 clients and more than a 100 personal trainers over his 10 years as a mobility and strength coach.  He emphasizes safety and corrective exercises in all programming (strength, weight loss, conditioning, etc.)  His practice focuses on improving flawed movement patterns to prevent injury and improve skeletal-muscular function.  Paul employs Muscle Energy techniques, FMS, Tigger Point Therapy, Yoga, and M|WOD to systematically strengthen weakened muscles and mobilize joints and muscle tissue.  Move Better... Train Better.