Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) Trigger Points

Sternocleidomastoid Exercises & Stretches

Testing for Trigger Points:

Sensitivity can be tested by pincer grip with lift.

Pain Symptoms

  • Sternal branch: behind the eye socket, above the eyes, cheeks, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ).
  • Clavicular: forehead, behind the ear, molar teeth.

Common Functional Symptoms:

  • Headaches such as tension headaches and migranes are common.

Function

Two Heads and two functions:

  • Sternal function: Responsible for rotating the head left and right.  Contract and release technique is effective
  • Clavicular function: Tilt and twist down (small movement) – almost a diagonal movement.  Stretch is rotate in the opposite direction and raise.  Partner version can be done as well.

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